Organogenese
Leerdoelen

12 Leerdoelen
13 Overview
14 Muscular system
15 Trunk and extremities
16 Cardiovascular system
17 Blood and lympatic tissue
18 Respiration tract
19 Digestion tract
20 Urinary system
21 Genital system
22 Nervous system


12 Leerdoelen


Presentation of the learning aims of the individual modules of this course or, in other words, the knowledge that the student should acquire while working through this course material.



13 Overview


Inleiding to the course using the individual module summaries.



14 Muscular system
What you should already know

At the end of this module you should be able to:

  • know the origin of the three muscle types
  • know the development of the hypaxial and epaxial parts of the muscles based on the development of the somites and their differing innervation
  • know the histological development of muscle fiber to maturity
  • know the approximate segment level of the innervation of large muscle groups as well as the partial displacement
  • know the congenital muscle ailments and their causes which can be understood by knowing muscle development.


16 Cardiovascular system
What you should already know

At the end of this module you should be able to:

  • know the development from stem cells to differentiated blood cells
  • know the location where erythropoiesis occurs
  • have a concept of the functions of the various blood cells both before and after birth
  • know the organs of the lymph system
  • know how they arise
  • know the difference between cell-derived and humoral immunity
  • have a concept of how immunological competence arises


17 Blood and lympatic tissue
What you should already know

At the end of this module you should be able to:

  • know the development from stem cells to differentiated blood cells
  • know the location where erythropoiesis occurs
  • have a concept of the functions of the various blood cells both before and after birth
  • know the organs of the lymph system
  • know how they arise
  • know the difference between cell-derived and humoral immunity
  • have a concept of how immunological competence arises


18 Respiration tract
What you should already know

At the end of this module you should be able to:

  • know the various prenatal stages of lung development
  • be able to list and localize the various cells that are typical for lung tissue
  • know the components of the blood-air barrier
  • be able to describe the development of the various somatic cavities
  • know where the pericardio-peritoneal duct lies
  • know the difference between the vasa publica and privata in the lungs
  • be able to explain the occurrence of fistulas between the esophagus and trachea based on your knowledge of the development of the two structures
  • know the various mechanisms in charge of the switch of the circulation systems at birth


19 Digestion tract
What you should already know

Students will be able to:

  • describe the various parts that are involved in forming the face.
  • trace the development of the teeth.
  • explain the innervation of the tongue from an embryologic point of view.
  • list the derivatives of the individual pharyngeal arches.
  • construct the relationship between the aortic and pharyngeal arches.
  • describe the individual portions of the intestine and know their definitive location in the abdomen.
  • describe the mesenteric relationships with the associated intestinal sections and blood vessels.
  • determine which blood vessel is responsible for which intestinal portion.
  • map out the course of the portal vein and explain it from an embryologic point of view.
  • know the individual parts of the pancreas and explain their derivation.
  • draw the relationships of the duodenal loops in a fetus.
  • discuss the development of the urogenital sinus with respect to the formation of the hind gut and anus


20 Urinary system
What you should already know

At the end of this module you should be able to:

  • describe the sequence of transitory and definitive anlagen of the upper urinary tract as well as their functions over the course of their development
  • describe how the lower urinary tract forms from the cloaca
  • explain some of the basic mechanisms that can lead to pathological development of the urinary system


21 Genital system
What you should already know

At the end of this module students should be able to:

  • list the genetic and hormonal factors that lead to sexual differentiation
  • describe the steps that occur in the differentiation of the testicles and ovaries
  • explain the formation of the internal and external genitals of both sexes
  • name the abnormalities that indicated disorders in the most important mechanisms of genital development