4.5 Das Eindringen des Spermatozoons in die Oozyte


The termination of the second meiosis of the oocyte

Quiz

Quiz 25


At the moment of impregnation one encounters the following condition in the secondary oocyte, which was created shortly before ovulation:
The mitotic spindle, arrested in the metaphase of the second meiosis, becomes active again due to the impregnation. From the docking and impregnating spermatozoon a signal for a resumption and termination of the second oocyte meiosis is triggered. One speaks now of an impregnated oocyte.


Fig. 40 - Secondary oocyte
at the moment of impregnation
Fig. 41 - Secondary oocyte
impregnated oocyte
 Legenda

1
2
3
4
5


6
7

8
Mitotic spindle with chromatids
1rst polar body
Pellucid zone
Perivitelline space
Cell membrane of the
spermatozoon
(Remainder as appendage)
Kinocilium
Nucleus (compact) of the
spermatozoon
Proximal centrosome of the
spermatozoon


Fig. 40
The radially oriented mitotic spindle, anchored near the first polar body has become active and is captured here in the anaphase.
Fig. 41
Immediately after impregnation no trace of it can be ascertained in the secondary oocyte. The oocyte is distinguished by the presence of the first polar body. (Sometimes it is slightly segmented as seen here in expectancy of the coming division).

Video

Video about the first polar body (90 kB)



In the two hours following impregnation the mitotic spindle pulls the chromatids, situated around the equator, apart so that in the oocyte only 1n1C remains. A new formation of the 2nd polar body takes up the other 1n1C. The remaining first polar body bound by a thin cytoplasma bridge receives the same signal and also divides.



The termination of the second meiosis implies the division of the secondary oocyte (1n,2C) into a mature oocyte (1n,1C) by the expulsion of the 2nd polar body (1n,1C) into the perivitelline space.



Fig. 42 - 2 hours after impregnation Fig. 43 - Mature oocyte  Legenda

1
2

3

4
5
1rst polar body
Nucleus (slightly unpacked) of the
spermatozoon
Proximal centrosome of the
spermatozoon
2nd polar body (being formed)
Remainder of the mitotic spindle
with maternal chromosomes 1n,1C


Fig. 42
The 2nd polar body is being formed. Beside it the first polar body is visible while dividing (more info with video; 490 kB). The DNA of the spermatozoon nucleus has begun to unpack itself.

Fig. 43
Three polar bodies can now be recognized: The 2nd polar body and the first polar body that has divided.



In what follows the structures of the mitotic spindle dissolve. Mitotic spindles formed in the future will be formed from the centrosome introduced by the father.



Beginning of the chapter | Previous page | Next chapter