Icon module 14

Autochtonous back musculature

The true back musculature stems from the epaxial portion of the myotome and in the adult lies under that of the externally visible muscles that do not count as being autochtonous back musculature. The deep portions of the autochtonous back musculature are ordered in a strictly segmental fashion. The innervation then occurs according to the dorsal branches of the spinal nerves. The superficial muscle blastemas of the autochtonous back musculature form segment-overlapping, long muscles.

Fig. 13 - Innervation scheme

  1. Anterior radix
  2. Spinal ganglion
  3. Spinal medulla
  4. Spinal nerve
  5. Posterior branch for the pars epaxialis of the myotome
  6. Ventral branch for the pars hypaxialis of the myotome
  7. Posterior radix
  8. Central canalis
  9. Skin
  10. Epaxial musculature
  11. Hypaxial musculature
  12. White rami communicantes
  13. Sympathetic ganglion
  14. Postganglionary fibers
  15. Grey rami communicantes

Fig. 13

The epaxial parts of the myotome become innervated by the ramus dorsalis of the spinal nerve, and the hypaxial parts by the ramus ventralis. The fibers to and from the sympathetic ganglia are shown in the diagram.

The externally visible, superficial back musculature (e.g., the latissimus dorsi muscle) stems from the hypaxial portion of the myotome. Originally, it belongs to the arm musculature and secondarily it is again shifted back to the thorax. Their original innervation (brachial plexus) is retained, however. A further, more prominent superficial back muscle, the trapezes muscle, which has a cranial origin (innervation by the N. XI), forms the upper contour of the back.